Thomas Huxley & Chaos Theory
Evolution Says .....
Thomas Huxley's argument in 1860, that evolution must logically have occurred, proves that evolution is a fact. The Chaos Theory proves that evolution is not affected by the Second Law of Thermodynamics - ie: evolution can proceed, despite the universal progression of devolution.
The Facts Are .....
(1) Thomas Huxley argued that six 'eternal' monkeys typing endlessly on six 'eternal' typewriters, could produce the 23rd Psalm among their printed nonsense. This was 'logical proof' that evolution could occur by chance, given an eternity of time. (background information)
(2) Huxley's 'eternal' monkeys could not have typed the 23rd Psalm in 'eternity'. Just to type the name "William Shakespeare" on a typewriter would occupy a million, million monkeys for a million, million years. If the monkeys were replaced by a typing machine which would randomly type millions of characters a second, two lines of a Shakespearian sonnet could not be done in less than 10150 characters. The conclusion of this scientific study, is that the idea that randomness can produce a work of design is purely misleading. The belief in the efficiency of randomness is shown to be an absurdity. New Scientist, November 1, 1984 p:39
(3) The Second Law of Thermodynamics necessitates that all systems in isolation will run down irreversibly into disorder. Huxley's eternal monkeys and their eternal typewriters, however, would be subject to the same law, and would eventually breakdown. His logic analogy, that evolution should occur given enough time, is therefore not supported by the laws of the universe. (based on logic)
(4) There is a major flaw in the logic used by Thomas Huxley in his famous debate with Bishop Samuel Wilberforce in 1860. The flaw is that the biological processes of life are reversible, and reversible reactions cannot permanently lead to the synthesis of any compounds. Huxley's typewriters would therefore have to be reversible, which means that when each letter was typed, it would have to be erased immediately. The sum action of typing on such typewriters would be ZERO. (based on logic)
(5) The Chaos Theory has now been picked up by evolutionists as a driving force that could be responsible for producing evolution from non-living matter. The type of 'order' or patterns which can be explained mathematically by this theory include such things as eddies in flowing water, and ripple patterns on sand dunes. This is entirely different from the formation of information-bearing chemical sequences that characterize living things. Even if Chaos Theory could explain evolution, the Second Law of Thermodynamics always acts on complexity to break it down, despite the Chaos Theory. The Second Law of Thermodynamics is not deactivated by Chaos physics. (based on logic)
(6) Ilya Prigogine, received a Nobel Prize for his work on the Chaos Theory and the origin of life. He has however admitted that he cannot use his 'non-equilibrium disparative structures' to explain the origin of even the simplest living thing. Creation Ex Nihilo, Vol. 12, No. 4, 1990 p:36
(7) "Scientists of the highest standing would today accept many of Wilberforce's criticism of Darwin ....." Spoken by Sir Edmund R. Leach in his address to the 1981 Annual Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Recorded in the article "Men, Bishops and Apes" in Nature, Vol. 293, September 3, 1981 p:19
(8) "A scientific study of the universe has suggested a conclusion which may be summed up ..... in the statement that the universe appears to have been designed by a pure mathematician." Written by Sir James Jeans in "The Mysterious Universe", Macmillan Co.: New York, 1932 p:140